Category Archive Slovenia

ByAlfred V.

Learning Slovenian – part 1: General Words and Phrases

I wrote this everyday language translations for my beloved fiance, but i hope that also someone else can find it useful. If there are more expressions for a single word, they are separated by the divide sign “/”. I use (American) English as a base language.

Please note that Slovenian language has some special features like special alphabet characters, grammatical gender that changes suffix of the effected words; dual (grammatical number) and regular and regular and polite (eg. addressing older people or people of higher social status) form of sentence formation. All examples here are written for the regular form of the male gender.

Everyday Expressions

  • hello – zdravo / zivjo
  • bye – adijo / ciao
  • goodbye – nasvidenje
  • how are you? – kako si?
  • how do you feel? – kako se pocutis?
  • (I am feeling) great / fine / bad – odlicno / dobro / slabo
  • thank you – hvala
  • please – prosim
  • excuse me – oprosti
  • good morning – dobro jutro
  • good day / afternoon – dober dan
  • good evening – dober vecer
  • good night – lahko noc
  • sleep well – lepo spi / dobro spi

General Questions

  • who – kdo
  • what – kaj
  • where – kje
  • why – zakaj
  • how – kako
  • who is … – kdo je …
  • what is … – kje je …
  • where is … – kje je …
  • why did … – zakaj je …
  • how do i … – kako lahko

General Replies

  • yes – ja / da
  • no – ne
  • maybe / perhaps – morda / mogoce
  • i know – vem
  • i don’t know – ne vem
  • of course – seveda

General Time Expressions

  • second – sekunda
  • minute – minuta
  • hour – ura
  • day – dan
  • week – teden
  • month – mesec
  • year – leto
  • calendar – koledar
  • morning – jutro
  • noon – poldne
  • afternoon – popoldne
  • evening – vecer
  • night – noc

Weather

  • fog – megla
  • snow – sneg
  • rain – dez
  • storm – nevihta
  • wind – veter
  • cloud – oblak
  • sky – nebo
  • star – zvezda
  • moon – luna / mesec
  • sun – sonce
  • today is … – danes je …
  • today is very … – danes je zelo …
  • hot – vroce
  • cold – mrzlo
  • fine (weather) – prijetno
  • sunny – soncno
  • rainy – dezuje
  • windy – veter piha
  • snowing – snezi
  • foggy – megleno
  • cloudy – oblacno